European lawmakers are struggling to agree on new rules for artificial intelligence, with an agreement unlikely before December. The draft AI rules, which include regulations for foundation models and high-risk AI systems, must be approved by the European Parliament and EU member states. Spain, which holds the EU presidency, has proposed compromises to accelerate the process, such as a tiered approach to regulating foundation models with more than 45 million users. But opponents warn that smaller platforms could be just as risky. However, a final agreement is not expected in the upcoming fourth trilogue. A fifth trilogue is scheduled for early December, and failure to reach an agreement could push negotiations into next year, according to Reuters.